Any potential initiative looking to share data across European borders should be aware of
interoperability between European nations is a much wider issue than for Legionnaires' disease
analysis alone. Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March
2007 establishing an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community
(INSPIRE) was published on
the 25th April 2007 and the INSPIRE Directive entered into force on the 15th May 2007.
To ensure that the spatial data infrastructures of the Member States are compatible and usable
in a Community and transboundary context, the Directive requires that common Implementing Rules
(IR) are adopted in a number of specific areas (Metadata, Data Specifications, Network
Services, Data and Service Sharing and Monitoring and Reporting).
All member states are required by law to publish the following network services for certain
datasets (the data are classified into 3 annexes which have different timescales for each of
the annexes, annexes I & II deadlines Dec 2010 and Nov 2011, annex III by Dec 2013):
1. Discovery Services (metadata about published data and services)
2. View Service (a map (spatially referenced image) of data)
3. Download Service (the retrieval of the data itself)
4. Coordinate Transformation Service (the conversion of data to another INSPIRE specified coordinate system)
The INSPIRE initiative should
make the integration of data between European partners simpler moving into the future and
should be carefully considered. Data relating to the incidence of Legionnaires' disease itself
may fall into the data category covered by annex 3 (5) : Human Health & Safety €"
" Geographical distribution of dominance of pathologies (allergies, cancers,
respiratory diseases, etc.), information indicating the effect on health (biomarkers,
decline of fertility, epidemics) or well-being of humans (fatigue, stress, etc.) linked
directly (air pollution, chemicals, depletion of the ozone layer, noise, etc.) or indirectly
(food, genetically modified organisms, etc.) to the quality of the environment.